Testosterone is essential to the development of masculine characteristics, such as muscle mass, strong bones, deep voice, and even sex drive. The production of testosterone is at its peak during adolescence and early adulthood, but the levels start dropping each year after men touch 30 years of age. A study by the New England Research Institute reveals that about a quarter of men over 30 have low testosterone levels. While average male testosterone levels lie between 270-1,070 ng/DL, anything below the lower limit calls for treatment. Many men shy away from visiting low t treatment centers, which may worsen the condition. It is advisable that patients suffering from low t symptoms consult a specialist to explore available low testosterone treatment options. Before learning about low testosterone treatment options, it is essential that a patient understands the causes behind the condition. Here we highlight 10 causes of hypogonadism, read on.
1. Klinefelter Syndrome
Congenital abnormality of the sex chromosomes X and Y is one of the major reasons behind low testosterone levels. Adult males have one X and one Y chromosome, but in patients with Klinefelter syndrome, there are two or more X chromosomes for every Y chromosome. The additional X chromosome results in abnormal development of the testicles, which leads to underproduction of testosterone.
2. Kallmann Syndrome
In Kallmann syndrome, there’s abnormal development of the hypothalamus – the area of the brain controlling secretion of pituitary hormones – leading to underproduction of testosterone. The syndrome also impacts the development of testicle and secondary sexual characteristics. If left untreated, patients with Kallmann syndrome are likely to develop fertility problems in future.
3. Undescended Testicles
Normally, testicles develop inside the abdomen and move down into position in the scrotum before birth. However, there are cases in which one or both testicle may not have descended at birth. In most of such cases, the condition corrects itself during childhood without any treatment. If it doesn’t, the may lead to malfunctioning of the testicles and lower testosterone production.
4. Pituitary Disorders
The production of testosterone is affected when the pituitary gland is unable to release hormones to the testicles. Testosterone or other hormone deficiencies can be due to presence of a pituitary tumor or other type of brain tumor near the pituitary gland. Low testosterone can also result after undergoing surgery or radiation therapy for brain tumor.
5. Mumps Orchitis
Mumps orchitis, an infection that occurs during adolescence or adulthood and affects the salivary glands and testicals, can lead to long-term testicular damage, affecting the normal functioning of testicles, and lowering testosterone production.
6. Injury to the Testicles
Testicles are prone to injuries, mainly due to their location outside the abdomen. Although, injury to one testicle may not affect testosterone production much, damage to normally developed testicles can impact testosterone production.
7. Cancer Treatment
Chemotherapy cancer treatment can interfere with the production of testosterone and sperm. Although effects of the treatment are temporary, there are chances of patients suffering from permanent infertility. Having said that, many patients recover from the slump and regain their fertility within a few months after treatment.
8. Inflammatory Disease
Inflammatory diseases, such as histiocytosis, sarcoidosis, and tuberculosis that involve the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, can affect the secretion of testosterone.
The presence of excessive amounts of iron in the blood can result in pituitary gland dysfunction or testicular failure, which, in turn, affects testosterone production.
10. Concurrent Illness
Emotional or physical stress due to illness or surgery can temporarily shut down men’s reproductive system. This happens due to decreased signal from the hypothalamus, and in such instances, natural low testosterone treatment options are the only way to overcome the underlying condition.
The Way Ahead
Patients with low testosterone levels may experience loss of muscle, osteoporosis, reduced penis and testicle growth, erectile dysfunction, infertility, low or absent sex drive, fatigue, and difficulty in concentrating. The reduced testosterone side effects of these conditions are treatable if you seek help from seasoned medical professionals. American Male Medical is one of the leading low t treatment centers offering natural low testosterone treatment options. We also offer treatment options for other forms of sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. To lean more about available low testosterone treatment options, our team, and other services, talk to us today. You can also book an appointment with our sexual dysfunction specialist, by filling out the form. Alternatively, you can give us a call at (866) 517-1597.